Hammertoe is the term for a deformity of the second, third, or fourth toes. A hammertoe can become immobile if it’s left untreated. The affected toe usually curves and bends at the middle joint and resembles the shape of a hammer.
Hammertoe increases your risk of developing corns and calluses. Your distorted toe can become painful, affect your walking, or prevent your shoes from fitting properly.
There are a number of possible causes for hammertoe, including:
Certain factors can heighten your risk for developing hammertoe, such as:
Dr. Rosen usually diagnoses hammertoe with a physical examination and X-rays. After your evaluation and diagnosis, Dr. Rosen might recommend a number of treatments, such as:
Dr. Rosen might recommend multiple treatment methods to give you the best results. Afterward, it’s best to get plenty of rest and choose comfortable shoes that fit your feet properly.
In more severe cases of hammertoe, surgery may be necessary as a permanent, effective solution. To perform the surgery, Dr. Rosen makes a small incision at the top of your joint and removes the excess bone from your toe. He might also release the tendon that’s inhibiting your toe from laying flat. If necessary, he may place screws to stabilize and maintain the surgical correction permanently. The surgery requires only local anesthesia, and the recovery period typically takes approximately 2-4 months. Meantime, you may use surgical shoes to help you walk around.
If you’d like to learn more about the treatment options for hammertoe, call Dr. Rosen and his compassionate, skilled staff to schedule a personal consultation, or use their convenient online booking tool.